The transcripts and video clips that you can view and download from the three links
given below have been contributed by members of the
National Stuttering Association to assist students in learning more
about the behaviors and affective/cognitive features of living with
stuttering as an adult.
Download transcripts and OASES
For each participant, you will see a video, an
UNANNOTATED transcript, and a specially marked copy of the OASES (Yaruss
& Quesal) that the participant filled out on the day of taping.
Contributors were asked to answer the following questions:
- Please talk about the impact of stuttering on your daily life: You
can talk about your interactions with family and friends, school and/or
work, and your participation in community activities.
- What do you think causes stuttering?
- If you have received treatment for your stuttering, tell me about
your therapy experiences and the outcomes of these therapies.
- Please describe what successful communication means to you; can you
give an example of a positive communicative experience?
- If you didn't stutter, what might be different in your life?
- What else would you want to say to students (or the general public)
to help them learn about stuttering or ways to support people who
Some participants did not answer all questions, or combined responses to questions in a single set of comments.
Suggested activities for these transcripts include:
- Practice with fluency assessment. It is well-known that transcribers
disagree substantially when coding the same passage of stuttered speech,
in terms of presence/absence of disfluency, location as well as type of
fluency behaviors. Instructors may want to assign the same participant
to be coded by multiple students (or an entire class of students).
Discuss how listeners may agree or disagree on the behavioral features
of stuttering, as well as behaviors that appear to be stutter-like or
more typical disfluency.
- Practice with OASES scoring. For a given participant, consult OASES
scoring guidelines (NOTE: these are not included, and users must access
a purchased version of the instrument). How would you characterize the
impact of stuttering on this participant. Can you identify impacts that
should influence therapy goals? How might you address these impacts?
- Practice with contrasting behavioral and affective/cognitive aspects
of stuttering in adults. Assess the degree to which individuals'
behavioral profiles match the impacts of stuttering on their lives. Are
the impacts of stuttering clearly linked to the frequency or severity of
stuttered events in a person's speech? Discuss.
- Listen to the answers that participants gave to the 6 questions. Are
there similar threads? Are there clear differences in people's opinions?
How might responses to these questions shape further mutual goal setting
These are just some ideas to get instructors and students started. We
welcome ideas for other activities. Please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org
with suggestions and comments.